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Sixteenth Degree Prince of Jerusalem Masonic patent, issued to Thomas Napier
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Sixteenth Degree Prince of Jerusalem Masonic patent, issued to Thomas Napier
Charleston, S.C., July 20, 1803
Paper and ink
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite

Israel De Lieben and Abraham Alexander were among the signers of this certificate admitting Thomas Napier as a Prince of Jerusalem, one of the “Sublime Degrees” of the fraternal order of Freemasons.

Many Masonic symbols are drawn from the stone mason’s craft. The triangle symbolizes the Supreme Being; the compass signifies control of the passions and the square the need to square one’s actions by honesty and virtue. The urn on the left with burning incense signifies a pure heart, and on the right, the urn pierced with a sword the need to maintain virtue. Masons use the Hebrew dating system and some Hebrew letters. The ח (hey) in the center of the triangle stands for Heredom, a mythical mountain in Scotland.

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Last updated: Monday, September 08, 2014